I ask the cowherds in my broken Kannada if they have ever brought the herd to Bangalore—they move across the state after all. This breed is similar to the Murrah in almost all characteristics except for the white markings on extremities and walled eyes; horns are less curled than in the Murrah; the udder is well shaped and extend well forward up to the naval flaps. Malvi cattle are gray in males, with neck, shoulders, hump and quarters almost black. The horns are small to medium and curve inward with pointed tips. Nagpur, Wardha and Berar districts of Madhya Pradesh. Originally all cow milk was of the A2 type. The issue is expected to attract new attention in the wake of recent Indian research which showed local cow and buffalo breeds possessed a rich A2 allele gene that "provides a better and healthier quality of milk than foreign breeds". A combination of white with brown or black patches is not uncommon. The domesticated breeds are integral part of our eco-system, culture and heritage. Indigenous cattle breed are important source of draught power which saves on fossil fuels. This characteristic has given the breed its agility and ease of movement. They have two white chevrons on the chest. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System. The Sahiwal, the best Indian dairy breed, originates from Pakistan and India. Copper coloured coat, scanty hair which is black at the roots and reddish brown at the tip. The area is part of the Andhra Pradesh in India. Dangi, Deoni, Red Kandhari, Khillar and Gaolao breeds in Maharashtra region and Gir and Kankrej in Gujarat region have a better population status due to their economic viability, but the productivity is also low in comparison with Gir in Brazil and other countries. In the west adjoining Rajasthan, the breed is larger, while in Madhya Pradesh it is smaller. This breed has very close similarity to the Hariana breed. Ears are pendulous but not so long. Eyelids are brown or black in colour. Lactation milk yield is 546.0±30.6 liters (range 194 to 1,099 liters), lactation length 263.4±16.5 days (range 98 to 445 days), and calving interval 452.4±18.7 (range 317 to 832 days). Average fat content in milk is 4.57±0.03% and SNF content 8.62±0.01%. They gray colour might have appeared due to interbreeding among different breeds.These are small-sized, very active animals, reared mainly for draught purpose. Average milk yield is 2,326 kg (range 1,600 to 2,750 kg). There is black switch reaching just below hocks. Thighs are well developed. So much so Lord KRISHNA himself served and worshiped cow and identified it as 'caretaker' thus the status of 'MOTHER'. It's bullocks are used for transportation and in agricultural operations such as plowing, cultivation and drawing water from well. Ears are medium in size with pinkish inside. Ears are moderately long and erect. Age at first calving ranges from 1,067 to 1,809 days with an average of 1,567 days. Cottonseed, linseed or groundnut is given as concentrates. On the western side of the habitat the influence of the Red Sindhi is prominent and on the north and northeast of the Nagori. Amrit Mahal is also called as “Doddadana”, “Jawari Dana” and “Number Dana”. Khamla found in Satpura ranges of Madhya Pradesh and Khamgoan in Berar are very similar to Nimari and may be its strains. Established in 1929, the Amrit Mahal Cattle Breeding and Training Center in Ajjampura now houses 338 Amrit Mahal cattle. Tharparkar cows calve for the first time at an average age of about 1,247 days (range 1,116 to 1,596 days), milk yield is 1,749 kg (range 913 to 2, 14.7 kg) and calving interval 431 days (range 408 to 572 days) fat is about 4.88% (range 4.72 to 4.90%) and SNF 9.2% (range 8.9 to 9.7%). Horns are of light brown colour, moderate length, closer at the roots, inclining backward, outward and upward with a forward curve and sharp at the tip. The key resource here is Indigenous cow. Horns are very small, curving outward and inward and sometimes spreading laterally. Amritmahal was developed from a herd established by the ruler of Mysore state between 1572 and 1636 A D and was developed from draught breed of southern India with an objective to increase the milk productivity. Several Indian breeds have been more successful abroad than at home presumably because abroad they are prized for their meat, milk, and exports (unlike in many areas of India, where cattle are mainly used for milk and draught, and for cultural reasons often cannot be sold for slaughter). Sheath and navel flap are very small and close to the body. The Brahman, for example (developed in the United States of America based on stock originally from India), is found in 18 countries in Latin America and 15 in Africa – figures similar to those for the Simmental, the most widely spread European dual purpose breed in these regions. WHAT IS KANAKRAJ COW? These animals were used for agricultural operations on light soils. These are thick in bulls and thin in cows. On the other hand, replacement of Kangayam cattle by exotic crosses is high in Udumalpet, Pollachi, Palladam and Tirupur taluks of Coimbatore, and Erode district. Bullocks can work about 8 hours without any break. Draught breed both used for road and field agricultural operations. The breed thrived in South America, and in the 1950s Argentina started its own breeding program for the “Nellore Argentino”. Indian cattle breeds of cattle are classified into three types as under: Milch breeds: The cows of these breeds are high milk yielders and the male animals are slow or poor workers. Bulls are gray with a dark colour in the hump, fore and hindquarters, face, and legs. This breed has been named after the area. The forehead is prominent giving a slight bulgy appearance and is furrowed in the middle. Amrit Mahal 9. Kangayam cattle are maintained under the semi-intensive system of management. However, a genetic mutation, probably between 5000 and 10,000 years ago, has resulted in a proportion of cows of European breeds producing a casein variant called A1 beta-casein. C Metestrus. They, therefore, fall under the domain of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity to which India is a signatory. Even if we want cross-breed cows at least for that pure Indian breeds are the prerequisites. Skin is black. They are capable of heavy draught work in deep sands. The Gir animals are also kept at different Gaushalas (cow barns) in Gujarat State. Mewati breed of cattle is found in the tract known as Mewat, comprising Alwar and Bharatpur districts of Rajasthan. Placid. The sheath is very small and is tucked up with the body. However, animals with red, black, fawn and broken colour are also observed. Horns are short and thick. A1 beta-casein is absent in the milk of pure Asian and African cattle.”. Black in colour Massive and stocky animals heavy bones, horns are short and tightly curled. It is a famous draught breed known for its power and endurance. These animals are also reared in Jodhpur, Alwar, Loharu and Bharatpur districts of Rajasthan. The coat colour of Gir animals varies from shades of red and white to almost black and white or entire red. To popularize Indian cow-urine therapies and cow-urine medicines. ‘Your building doesn’t allow cows … The domestication of swamp buffalo took place independently in China about 1000 years later. Some animals have also been maintained by Pasi and Yadav communities. Females are docile and average milkers. Average milk yield is around 997 kg with a range of 692 to 1,754 kg. The sustainability of the remaining diversity of indigenous cattle breeds – the Hallikar, Amrit Mahal, Khillar, Bargur and Malnad Gidda – lies herein, and buffaloes. Skin is also black. The milk production of cows will be moderate. Calves are generally brown in colour. The main area is the Puranpur Block in the Pilibhit district comprising Mainakot, Mazara, Bhirkhera,Faizulaganj and Rajpur Semra villages. Hump is moderately developed in females and well developed in males. Low on maintenance costs, their milk yield has not only been a succor and source of nutrition for otherwise impoverished families. Swamp buffalo are primarily used as work animal in paddy cultivation, for pulling carts and hauling timber in jungles. process of milk secretion from the alveolar cells and milk removal from the alveolar lumen (Park and Lindberg, 2005). The population of Tharparkar is more than these two breeds but it also calls for conservation through genetic improvement. Compendium of Documents on Dairy … The gait of Kankrej is peculiar to the breed, the action is smooth, and there is hardly any movement of the body. The gait is called one-fourth pace (sawai chal) by the breeder. Horns are short and stumpy. Kangayam animals are well built and heavier than Umblachery cattle and are found in a drier climate, whereas Umblachery is found in the hot humid tract. 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