1993: The abbot general will act in everything as father immediate to the community of Citeaux. Alberic was a hermit in the forest of Collan in France who, along with five other hermits, invited Abbot Robert of Molesme to begin a new monastery with them that would operate under the Rule of St. Benedict. Alberic of Cîteaux (died 26 January 1109), sometimes known as Aubrey of Cîteaux, was a French monk and abbot, one of the founders of the Cistercian Order. Life of St. Stephen Harding: Abbot of Citeaux and Founder of the Cistercian Order Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. abbots Archabbot abbacy. [3] They were led by Saint Robert of Molesme,[4] who became the first abbot. A list of the known abbots of Conwy (Aberconwy and Maenan) Unnamed abbot: in 1216 an unnamed abbot of Aberconwy was excused from attending the annual General Chapter at Cîteaux given his infirmity. Previous. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. François Trouvé, abbé de Cîteaux (1748-).jpg 1,963 × 2,615; 1.75 MB Saint Bernard would also be influential in the subsequent rapid growth of the Cistercian order. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the “Charter of Charity”, work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. Abbess Rule of … It took almost four years before Vaussin received confirmation from the Holy See and the King of France, finally allowing him to take office in … The office was elective, the incumbent to be chosen only from among the religious of the order, and only by the religious of the house of Cîteaux. Founded in 1098 by St. Robert, Abbot of Molesme, in a deserted and uninhabited part of the Diocese of Châlons-sur Saône, today the Diocese of Dijon (Côte-d'Or, France), from which city it is four leagues distant. The Abbots of the Cistercian Abbey of Bordesley The Cistercian Abbey of Bordesley was founded in 1138 by monks from Garendon Abbey in Leicestershire. 29 St. Gildas the Wise, Abbot - Optional Memorial †1916 Fr Maurice Wagner †1948 Fr Eugene Spiess. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03792a.htm. It is notable for being the original house of the Cistercian order. [6], The monastery produced the illuminated manuscript now known as the Cîteaux Moralia in Job in the year 1111.[7]. November 1, 1908. Today the abbot is elected by the general chapter, the religious of Cîteaux not participating. How, by the Spirit, the Blessed Father Stephen Was Aware of the Unworthiness of His Successor and about Stephen’s Precious Death 113 32. The Cistercians officially the Order of Cistercians (Latin: (Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis, abbreviated as OCist or SOCist), are a Catholic religious order of monks and nuns that branched off from the Benedictines and follow the Rule of Saint Benedict. . Initially, these meetings included only the abbots of Cîteaux, La Ferté, Pontigny, Morimund, and Clairvaux, but as the Cistercian Order expanded, so did General Chapter attendance. The great church of Cîteaux Abbey, begun in around 1140, was completed in 1193. Abbots from across the Order met annually at Cîteaux for General Chapter meetings to discuss important matters, introduce new rules and regulations, and handle disciplinary issues. The holy abbots Robert of Molesme, Alberic and Stephen Harding gave the Benedictine tradition a particular form when in 1098 they built the New Monastery of Cîteaux, the Mother of us all, and founded the Cistercian Order. Life. Abbots of Conwy . Imprimatur. QUIET MOMENT. The office … Cîteaux Abbey was founded on Saint Benedict's Day, 21 March 1098,[2] by a group of monks from Molesme Abbey seeking to follow more closely the Rule of St. Benedict. Abbey of Cîteaux. He was succeeded (Oct., 1904) by Dom Augustin Marre, Abbot Igny, titular Bishop of Constance, and General of the Order of Reformed Cistercians, who, having his residence at Rome, appointed for the government of Cîteaux an auxiliary, Dom Robert Lescand, titular Abbot of Saint-Aubin and Prior of the house of Cîteaux. Henri (1304-16) and Jean IV de Martigny (1405-28) were illustrious for their knowledge in the ecumenical councils. EMBED. The Dukes of Burgundy subsequently used it as their dynastic place of burial. The Duke of Burgundy, Eudes I, touched by the holy life of the monks of Cîteaux, encouraged the work and took upon himself the obligation of defraying all the expenses. The new monastery was inaugurated on the feast of St. Benedict, 21 March, 1098. Gildas, Marie. 86 Following the precedent of Cîteaux and Clairvaux, the chapter house was the normal location for the burial of Cistercian abbots, a location specified by a decree of the General Chapter in 1180; see Gajewski, ‘Burial, Cult and Construction’ (as n. 22), 72–73. Cistercian Abbots: Buckfast still followed the Rule of St. Benedict, as the Cistercians also live by that Rule. From St. Robert to Blessed Guy III, twenty-three abbots are venerated in the order as saints and blessed. St. Robert built the first monastery of the Cistercian Order, which he named Novum Monasterium (new monastery), to distinguish it from the monastery of Molesme from which he and his brethren had come. Claude Vaussin's election was rejected by the Reform movement; yet after his election had been investigated and repeated, Vaussin emerged on 10 May 1645 once again as the Abbot of Cîteaux and therefore Abbot General. In 1244, King Louis IX of France (Saint Louis) and his mother Blanche of Castile visited the abbey. Third Sunday of Advent. Dom Trouvé died 27 April, 1797. The abbey has about 35 members. Under St. Alberic's successor, St. Stephen Harding, the number of subjects was increased by the arrival of St. Bernard and his thirty companions, all young noblemen of Burgundy, and the order commenced to send out colonies. In 1791, during the French Revolution, the abbey was seized and sold by the government. During the Hundred Years' War, the monastery was pillaged in 1360 (when the monks sought refuge in Dijon), 1365, 1434 and 1438. Holy_Abbots_of_Citeaux. On 4 May, 1791, the abbey was sold for the first time as national property. To the abbots of Citeaux, Morimond, and La Crête, that they should examine those suspected of heresy, along with the bishop of Metz. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}47°07′41″N 5°05′36″E / 47.12806°N 5.09333°E / 47.12806; 5.09333, 10.1093/gao/9781884446054.001.0001/oao-9781884446054-e-7000017866#oao-9781884446054-e-7000017866, "Violence and Daily Life: Reading, Art, and Polemics in the Cîteaux Moralia in Job", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cîteaux_Abbey&oldid=996525282, Religious buildings and structures completed in 1193, Christian monasteries established in the 11th century, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles to be expanded from September 2009, Featured articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Building and structure articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles needing the year an event occurred from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jacques III Theuley de Pontailler-sur-Saône. This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. Vol. [1] It is notable for being the original house of the Cistercian order. The abbey was badly hit by the French Wars of Religion. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Larry Trippett. The Exordium … Stephen Harding served Cîteaux Abbey as abbot for twenty-five years. While no single person is considered the founder of the Cistercian Order, the shape of Cistercian thought and its rapid growth in the 12th century were certainly due in some part to Harding's leadership. Anian: occurs as abbot in June 1258. Guy d'Autun (1460-62), Hymbert Martin de Losne (1462-76), Jean IV de Cirey (1476-1501) were the courageous defenders of the order against the practice of Commendam. The name of Cîteaux, which this place formerly bore, soon supplanted that of Novum Monasterium, by which it is called in the "Exordium Cisterciensis Ordinis". Others signalized themselves by their zeal for the restoration of discipline and by their reformatory tendencies: Edme I de la Croix (1585-1604), Nicholas II Boucherat (1604-25), Claude Vaussin (1643-70), John XII Petit (1670-92), Nicholas Larcher (1692-1712). The chateau, member of the chain Grandes Etapes Françaises (Great French Stopovers), offers you various activities. … The Abbé Joseph Rey, founder of the Brothers of St. Joseph, purchased it in 1846, established a colony for agricultural purposes there, and opened a school for the reception and education of young delinquents and abandoned children. As head and superior general, he had the right, as he has today, to visit, either in person or by his delegate, all the monasteries of the order, and during the visit to exercise all jurisdictional powers. The office was … Abbots who lived near Cîteaux … 8.) MLA citation. Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. ST. LUCY – Those whose hearts are pure … Catholic Digest Dec 13, 2020 0. The Abbatial Election at Citeaux in 1625 - Volume 39 Issue 1 - Louis J. Lekai Contact information. In the councils he sat immediately after the bishops and had the same honours and prerogatives. The colony was suppressed in 1889, and on 2 October, 1898, the Order of Reformed Cistercians took possession again of Cîteaux, and Dom Sebastien Wyart became the sixty-third abbot, after an interruption of 107 years. Media in category "Abbots of Cîteaux" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. Abbots who lived near Cîteaux … Return to "Ten saints every worrier should know" Holy_Abbots_of_Citeaux. The second abbot was Saint Alberic, and the third abbot Saint Stephen Harding, who wrote the Carta Caritatis that described the organisation of the order. Close to the Château of Clos de Vougeot, the Château de Gilly, an old residence of the abbots of Cîteaux, has never lost its authenticity with its buildings from the 14th and 17th c. and French gardens. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. The abbots had seen in the Charter of Charity that as soon as Citeaux had made a few foundations, the abbots of the various monasteries had assumed a collective responsibility for the whole Order and had exercised it every year at the General Chapter. These definitors, numbering about 25, were the Abbot of Cîteaux and the first 4 Fathers: the abbots of La Ferté, Pontigny, Clairvaux and Morimont, plus 4 definitors elected in each line of filiation. Juridical recourse for the community of Citeaux is constituted by the abbots of the four most senior houses of the Order … … Abbots from the Apostolic See 109 30. APA citation. Alberic was a hermit in the forest of Collan in France who, along with five other hermits, invited Abbot Robert of Molesme to begin a new monastery with them that would operate under the Rule of St. Benedict. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the "Charter of Charity", work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. Enjoy the outdoor swimming pool (open in summer), massage rooms or cycle the lanes … These prepared the questions for the General Chapter, marked out the boundaries of the issues, defined issues, and proposed solutions for them. Nihil Obstat. He was regarded as the first of the abbots, "the abbot of the abbots". Guy d'Autun (1460-62), Hymbert Martin de Losne (1462-76), Jean IV de Cirey (1476-1501) were the courageous defenders of the order against the practice of Commendam . +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. In company with the abbots of Cîteaux and Clairvaux, and many other French prelates, he sailed from Nice to Genoa in 1241, and was thence carried by a Genoese fleet to attend the council which the pope proposed to hold at Rome. Benedictine Abbots: Alwin (Aelwinus) first mentioned as having attended Shire-mote in Exeter in about 1040. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Initially, these meetings included only the abbots of Cîteaux, La Ferté, Pontigny, Morimund, and Clairvaux, but as the Cistercian Order expanded, so did General Chapter attendance. By the beginning of the 13th century the order had more than 500 houses. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. He was Abbot when Buckfast was affiliated to the Abbey of Citeaux (Cistercian). Many abbots did not accept his election. Henri (1304-16) and Jean IV de Martigny (1405-28) were illustrious for their knowledge in the ecumenical councils. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? The Decree of Pope Callistus 111 31. Having lost all hope of saving his monastery, he begged Pius VI, 25 July, 1790, to transfer his powers to Dom Robert Schlecht, Abbot of Salmansweiler, a precaution which left life and hope to the other provinces. It is remarkable, however, that with the exception of one lay brother, none of the religious of Cîteaux accepted the pension of the State. On the Life and Excellent Conduct of the Most Reverend Fastrad, Abbot of Cîteaux 114 33. St. Stephen held the first general chapter of his Order in 1116; the second in 1119. Exordia Sacri Ordinis Cisterciensis (Fr. Today this confirmation is required before the abbot general can exercise his powers. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. As you can see, I’ve really been on a roll with this fortress vs. ecosystem image, but this goes right along with the homily for Scholastica. The abbey has about 35 members. The monks of Cîteaux created the vineyards of Clos-Vougeot and Romanée, the most celebrated of Burgundy. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. Lambert (1155-61), Gilbert (1163-67), Alexander (1168-75), and Arnaud I (1201-12) are recognized for the eminent services rendered to the popes and to the kings. In 1380, the Earl of Buckingham stayed at L'Aumône Abbey, a daughter house of Cîteaux located in the forest of Marchenoir whilst his army was quartered in the surrounding Forest.[8]. Cîteaux Abbey was founded in 1098 by a group of monks from Molesme Abbey, seeking to follow more closely the Rule of St. Benedict, under the leadership of Saint Robert of Molesme, who became the first abbot, Saint Alberic, the second abbot, and Saint Stephen Harding the third abbot, who wrote the Carta Caritatis, that described the organisation of the order. Evidence showing that the chapter house was the usual location for Cistercian abbatial burials until the mid-13th century is outlined and … But its past glory and the regularity which still existed at the end of the eighteenth century could not save Cîteaux. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the “Charter of Charity”, work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Citeaux. Maredwt: occurs as abbot in July 1278 and September 1281. Gildas, M. (1908). This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. The Abbey was supported by Renaud, Vicomte de Beaune, and Odo I, Duke of Burgundy. This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. The toponym predates the abbey, but its origin is uncertain. He caused afterwards a collection of sacred ceremonies and … In the late 11 th century a restless spirit was sweeping Europe. From them comes the name … My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. The abbey then slowly declined for the next century. About 1125, Saint Stephen established the nuns' monastery of "Tart", as Cîteaux's own daughter-house, entrusted to the pastoral care of the abbot of this monastery. Six abbots of Cîteaux were honoured with the Roman purple. He is now honored as a saint. Ieuan … [year needed] The monks produce a cheese branded under the abbey's name, … In this latter he published several statutes, called the Charte of Charity, confirmed the same year by Calixtus II. 30 St. Mutien-Marie Wiaux, Religious - Optional Memorial †1863 Cand Charles Kinslaw … Today, it belongs to the Trappists (also called the Cistercians of the Strict Observance). The abbot of Cîteaux was also ipso facto prime counsellor (primus consiliarius natus) in the Parliament of Burgundy. Eustace first mentioned in 1143 in a Totnes Deed. Cîteaux Abbey (French: Abbaye de Cîteaux [abe.i də sito]) is a Catholic abbey located in Saint-Nicolas-lès-Cîteaux, south of Dijon, France. 1993: The abbot general will act in everything as father immediate to the community of Citeaux. As C. H. Lawrence puts it, folks were “seeking an outlet in new forms of religious organization. The assemblies of abbots, sometimes made in the reigns of Charlemagne and Louis le Debonnaire, &c., were kinds of extraordinary synods, not regular chapters. Plouvier, M. and Saint-Denis, A. Knit together in the unity of the Holy Spirit, the blessed … Cîteaux Abbey (French: Abbaye de Cîteaux [abe.i də sito]) is a Catholic abbey located in Saint-Nicolas-lès-Cîteaux, south of Dijon, France. the abbots of citeaux: lovers of the swamp . This is my homily from January 27, the feast of the Abbots of Citeaux. Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. They are also known as Bernardines, after the highly influential Bernard of Clairvaux (though that term is also used of one of the Franciscan Orders in Poland and Lithuania); or as White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuculla" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over … In 1791, the abbey, which possessed 9800 acres of land, was sold for 862,000 pounds, and this money was used in turn for various purposes. Abbots from across the Order met annually at Cîteaux for General Chapter meetings to discuss important matters, introduce new rules and regulations, and handle disciplinary issues. 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