ADVERTISEMENTS: ii. D) capital is a variable input. Log in. Fixed factors are those which remain unchanged as out output of the firm changes in the shout-run. A variable factor of production 19. 10 years ago. Answer: B Diﬀ ñ 1 Topic: Costs in the Short Run Skill: Fact 2) Fixed costs A) do NOT exist in the long run. Solution for The hiring of labour with fixed factor of production under short run after sometimes leads to increase in cost only. Which factor of production is geographically fixed? Still have questions? Alfred Marshal noticed that we can distinguish among inputs that we can vary in the current period (however long that is), and those we can’t vary in the current period. Production Functions. Which of the following is an example of a fixed factor of production? Multiple Choice The number of workers hired to harvest the crops The amount of water used each day The land on which the farm is located The amount of fertilizer used each week 7) When at least one factor of production is fixed, firms require more and more workers to produce each additional unit of output. Suppose that Acme pays a wage of \$100 per worker per day. Fixed are one time investments like machines, tools and working consists of liquid cash or money in hand and raw material. 1/ Fixed costs do not vary directly with the level of output The production function relates the quantity of factor inputs used by a business to the amount of output that result. In this fixed fac­tor proportion case, the isoquants will be L-shaped and the expansion path is a straight line through the origin. fixed factor is abundant relative to variable factor and hence, MP of fixed factor is negative. A fixed factor of production A) is fixed in the long run but variable in the short run. A production function that describes a process which requires inputs to be combined in fixed proportions. A cost that remains unchanged even with variations in output. Fixed Factors Fixed factors are those which remain unchanged as out output of the firm changes in the shout-run. The long run is defined as 20. An airline with 20 airplanes has the fixed costs of depreciation and interest (if the planes are partially financed with debt), regardless of the number of times the planes fly or the number of seats filled on each flight. Favorite Answer. If we go on increasing the variable factor beyond a certain point, it will mean inefficient usage of the fixed factor, acted upon by the variable factor. A) Raw materials B) Labour C) A factory building D) Water 15. The factors of production include land, labor, entrepreneurship, and capital. The fixed factor is limited in the short run. C) there is at least one fixed factor of production. The key economic feature is that a fixed coefficient production function does not allow one factor to be substituted for another when there is a change in the relative prices of inputs. The marginal product of labor curve shows the change in total product resulting from a: general-geography; 0 Answers. The short run in this microeconomic context is a planning period over which the managers of a firm must consider one or more of their factors of production as fixed in quantity. 1 Answer. Join now. Short Run vs. Long Run Costs. There isn’t one. 18. Returns to A Fixed Factor. C) is fixed in both the short run and the long run. As the farmer adds water to the land, output increases. What’s your opinion at what… A decrease in the price of a fixed factor of production decreases total cost and A. decreases marginal cost. Log in. 0 0. 9. 1. B) plays no role in the law of diminishing marginal returns. D) is common in large firms but rare in small firms. A) labor B) capital C) land D) business acumen E) communications. Join now. answered Sep 14, 2016 by NewYorker . BIBLIOGRAPHY. 17. Considered to be available in fixed quantity; therefore, does not have a supply price. iii. In stage III, variable factor is to much compared to fixed factor, and hence MP of variable factor is negative. Click here to get an answer to your question ️ which factor of production is fixed 1. C) learning by doing. This describes A) increasing marginal returns. We assume capital is a fixed factor of production in the short run, so its cost is a fixed cost. They are independent of output in the short-run. All fixed proportions production functions are characterized by a constant factor proportion (or K/L ratio) at every output level. Our analysis of production and cost begins with a period economists call the short run. D) short-run adjustments. Economic costs of production differ from accounting costs in that A) economic costs include expenditures for hired resources while accounting costs do not. Fixed costs are not permanently fixed; they will change over time, but are fixed, by contractual obligation, in relation to the quantity of production for the relevant period. B) the price of extra units of a factor is increasing. Fixed costs are usually negotiated for a specified time period and do not change with production levels. However, adding increasingly more water brings smaller increases in output, until at some point the … B) all firms must bear some costs regardless of their output. Fixed costs, however, can decrease on a … Thus, stage I and stage III are called the stages of … A) labor. The classical economists also employed the word "capital" in reference to money. The plot of land is the fixed factor of production, while the water that the farmer can add to the land is the key variable cost. A) there is increasing scarcity of factors of production. The plot of land is the fixed factor of production, while the water that can be added to the land is the key variable cost. hayharbr. This is why MP becomes negative. As the farmer adds water to the land, output increases. Quasi-Fixed Factor of Production Quasi-fixed factors are inputs that must be used in a fixed amount, independent of the output of the firm, but only if the firm’s output is … C) new firms can enter an industry. For example, to grow wheat a farmer requires inputs such as seed, farm machinery, land, and labor. Which of the following is a factor of production that generally is fixed in the short run? Get … But adding more and more water brings smaller and smaller increases in output, until at some point … Relevance. The general form of production […] 14. An example of a variable factor of production in the short run is land. Production is the process by which factor inputs are transformed into output. Production in the Short Run: Production in the short run implies a period of time where there exists a fixed (unchangeable) and a variable (quantity is changeable) factor of production. Ask your question. Explain the concept of a production function. Machines, factory buildings, plants, permanent employees etc. Solution for 32. ... As fixed factor inputs in the short run become variable in the long run, a firm can choose the quantity of fixed factor inputs that achieves the lowest average cost of producing any output level. E) is fixed only in the short run. A factor of production is any input that contributes in a positive way to a production process. In other words as a firm increases or decreases its output in the short-run, fixed factors remain constant. This implies that the change in price of land does not affect its supply. Lv 7. In manufacturing industries such as motor vehicles, it is straightforward to measure how much output is being produced. If labor is the only variable factor, Acme’s total variable costs per day amount to \$100 times the number of workers it employs. Which of the following is the most likely to be a fixed factor of production at a farm? Fixed fact; fixed factor input; Fixed factors of production; Fixed Federal Monitoring Network; Fixed Fee Procurement; Fixed field; Fixed field; Fixed File System; Fixed Filter; Certain facts about land are as follows: i. A) a fixed factor of production does NOT impose limits on existing firms. Money, however, was not considered to be a factor of production in the sense of capital stock since it is not used to directly produce any good. Factors of production are the inputs needed for the creation of a good or service. B) a factory building. Which of the following is a factor of production that generally is fixed in the short run? We make a distinction in the short run between fixed and variable costs. are the examples… ; We use three measures of production and productivity: Total product (total output). 0 votes. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Micro Economics Chapter-5 Production NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED Question 1. Fixed costs. Machines, factory buildings, plants, permanent employees etc. It is a useful factor of production, but is available in limited quantity. C) raw materials. VARIABLE FACTOR OF PRODUCTION: An input whose quantity can be changed in the time period under consideration.This usually goes by the shorter term fixed input and should be immediately compared and contrasted with fixed factor of production, which goes by the shorter term fixed input. Answer Save. [CBSE 2004C, 07, 09C; AI 05, 08, 11] [1 Mark] Answer: The relationship between physical input and physical output of a firm is generally referred to as production function. B. D) water. For example, a company may have unexpected and unpredictable expenses unrelated to production, such as warehouse costs and the like that are fixed only over the time period of the lease. In other words as a firm increases or decreases its output in the short-run, fixed factors remain constant. Tharvaniveenarewarew Tharvaniveenarewarew 23.10.2020 Social Sciences Secondary School Which factor of production is fixed 1 The efficiency of variable factor may also be a reason for negative returns. Perceived as a gift of nature to man. In the short run, because at least one factor of production is fixed, output can be increased by adding more variable factors. B. leaves marginal cost… B) diminishing marginal returns. Best answer. A. ten lawnmowers B. gas for the lawnmowers C. employees to mow lawns D. wheels to fix broken wheels on the lawnmowers asked Sep 14, 2016 in Environmental & Atmospheric Sciences by Kristy. They are independent of output in the short-run. 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